China is one of the world's leading producers of technical textiles and products made from technical textiles. It is a pleasure to announce a media partnership between BeaverLake6 Report and China Textile magazine. China Textile is the only English language print media source published by the China National Textile and Apparel Council (CNTAC) and, in its prominent position, serves as the leading source for news on the China textile industry.
Zhao Hong, the Editor-in-Chief, and Flora Zhao, the Director of the Editorial Department, oversee China Textile's technical textiles contributions for BeaverLake6 Report. Mr. Zhao holds two official positions: 1) Director of International Trade Office of the China National Textile and Apparel Council, a national confederation of all textile-related industries, and 2) Vice President of the China Knitting Industry Association.
Steve Warner, Publisher
Posted March 6, 2018
The present industrial textiles industry in China is centered on technical innovation and consumption upgrading, so as to intensify the strength in product development and innovation of technical processing equipment, enhance enterprise management, reduce cost and improve efficiency.
After overcoming various adverse factors, the industry maintained stable growth in the first three quarters of 2017. According to the statistics of National Bureau of Statistics, the industrial added value of the above-designated enterprises in the industrial textiles industry in China had a growth of 3.9% in the first three quarters in 2017, in which, the main business income had an increase of 7.12%; the profit had a declining of 1.59%; the fixed investment had a year-on-year growth of 25.54%; the import and export of the industry had increase of 3.26% and 11.82% respectively.
Steady growth of the output of main products
According to the data of National Bureau of Statistics, the outputs of the non-woven fabrics and cord fabrics in the above-designated enterprises in China were 3.3468 million tons and 0.6498 million tons respectively, with the year-on-year growths of 0.64% and 3.47% respectively.
It is worth keeping an eye on that: in recent years, the output of non-woven fabrics in China has witnessed fast growth. As the continuous increasing of cardinal number, the growth speed is slowing down gradually. However, the export amount of the non-woven fabrics keeps in growing. The customs data displays that the export amount of the non-woven fabrics had a growing speed of 6.15% in the first three quarters.
The export volume of other main products also grew steadily. The export volume of coated fabrics grew by 6.52%; the wiping cloth grew by 11.72%; the felt and tent grew by 17.78%; the diaper and sanitary towel grew by 13.43%; the air bag restraint system grew by 7.3%.
However, the export volume of some traditional products had declining in different degrees. For example, the textile products for packaging declined by 7.3%; the export quantity of the ordinary tape products declined by 6.28%. As a whole, the demand of China’s industrial textiles still kept on increasing steadily. However, the adjustment of demand structure enables the declining of the output of some products.
Recovery of industrial investment
The investment in industrial textiles industry presents a certain periodicity. The fixed-asset investment of the industry in the first three quarters of 2017 was 61.489 billion, which has extended the rising tendency since 2017. The year-on-year growth is 24.54%. The investment growth space further unfolds. The growing speed of industrial investment has stabilized from the declining channel of the recent years and recovered gradually.
The recovery of the investment acceleration in the industry in 2017 is because of the periodical regulation of the investment on the one hand. It indicates that the industry has basically consumed the increasing capacity of the previous years and has entered a new round of investment climax. On the other hand, the stable and rising macro-economic environment has also enabled the capital market to have better expectation to the industrial prospect.
Observing from different fields, non-woven fabrics are still the investment hot points of the industry. The investment amount of the first three quarters reached RMB27.948 billion, with a year-on-year growth of 29.27%. The investment in rope, cable and cord still maintained the vigorous momentum of the first half year, with a year-on-year growth of 57.31%. The investment in sail and canvas increased 17.96%. However, the investment in spinning band and cord fabrics continued to decline, with a year-on-year declining of 18.12%.
While the industrial investment continues to rise, the average asset-liability ratio of the industry declined by 0.93%; the interest expense increased by 4.32%.
The growth speed of the economic benefit indexes slows down
According to the data of National Bureau of Statistics, the main business income of the above-designated enterprises in the industry was RMB237.999 billion in the first three quarters, with a year-on-year growth of 7.12%; the total profit was RMB 12.972 billion, with a year-on-year declining of 1.59%. The average profit ratio of the industry was 5.45%, with a year-on-year declining of 0.48%; the loss scale of the industry was 9.63%. The loss amount of the unprofitable enterprises was RMB 385 million, with a year-on-year growth of 31.66%.
The main business income and total profit of the industrial textiles industry in 2011 had a growth of about 30%. In 2012 - 2015, the growth speed of the main business income maintained at a stable level after experiencing a period of declining. However, the growth speed of the total profit has not went out of the declining period. In addition, from the beginning of 2017, it has been lower than the growth speed of income. The slackening of profit acceleration is firstly because of the great fluctuation in raw material price, which has caused the rise of sales cost of the product, as well as the fierce market competition, which has caused the declining of the sales price of the product; secondly, the administration cost and sales cost of the enterprises had excessively rapid growth; thirdly, the continuous appreciation of RMB in the first half year has caused the exchange loss of export enterprises, thus enabling the financial cost to have fast increase.
From the perspective of different industries, the main business income and total profit of non-woven fabrics had a growth of 6.01% and 0.21% respectively; the profit rate was 5.64%; the loss amount of the unprofitable enterprises increased 32.04%.
The growth speed of the total profit for non-woven fabrics declined; profiting ability declined. It was mainly because the fast-growing capacity of the non-woven fabrics industry enabled the competition in the industry to become increasingly fierce in the recent years, thus having a certain suppression to the market price. The sales price of the product has always been in the declining tendency. Both the main business income and profit growth of the industry are bearing a certain pressure. Meanwhile, the price fluctuations of polyester staple fiber, rayon staple and other main raw materials also increased the cost pressure of the non-woven fabrics products.
The main business income and total profit of the rope, cord and cable industry have increased 6.4% and 2.33% respectively. Although its occupation in the whole industry is not high, its profit margin reaches 6.14%. As the industry intensifies the development strength of the products with high-technology contents, the application scope of rope, cord and cable will continue to expand. The industry will continue to maintain the growth.
The textile band and cord fabric industries has continued the low circumstance since 2017. Except the main business income increases by 4.11%, the total profit declines by 30.30%, the loss amount increases by 56.22%. The profit margin is 3.98%, which has declined by 1.97%. The declined profit of the textile bands and cord fabrics is mainly caused by the dramatic fluctuation in polyamide and raw materials. For example, the price of caprolactam has risen from 10,000 RMB/ton in last November to 19,000 RMB /ton last March and then fell back to 13,000 RMB/ton.
The main business income and total profit of the sail and canvas industry have a growth of 9.43% and 4.47% respectively. The profit margin is 5.35%. The industry continues the sound development tendency of the first half year. The business condition is stable and rising.
Double increase of import and export
In the first three quarters of 2017, the import and export of the industrial textiles industry in China extended the sound tendency of the first half year and realized double increase of import and export again. The customs data displays that: the export of the industry in the first three quarters was USD 17.935 billion; the import was USD 5.26 billion, with a year-on-year growth of 3.26% and 11.82% respectively. The growing amplitude of the import and export has slowed down compared with the first quarter and the first half year.
Main exported products
In the products with export amount over USD1 billion, only non-woven fabrics, leather base cloth as well as the textiles for packaging have declining export amount. Except these two categories, the textiles for communication medias have an export amount growth of 11.8%; the industrial coated fabrics have an export growth of 8.05%; the export amounts of the rest products are all about 5%.
From the perspective of export volume, only cotton rope (cable) band type textiles and textiles for packaging have declined export quantity. However, the textiles for medical treatment and public health, sail and canvas textiles as well as the wiping cloths have rapid growth in export quantity, with a year-on-year growth of 10.49%, 13.05% and 11.72% respectively. It indicates that the international market still has strong demand to the Chinese commodities.
In the main export products, the prices of coated fabrics, packaging textiles and textiles for communication medias basically maintain stable. The growth amplitudes of the export prices of the textiles for medical treatment and public health, sail and canvas textiles and non-woven fabrics all exceed 6%.
Main export markets
In the first three quarters of 2017, the export amount of Chinese industrial textiles industry to EU and North America continued to maintain the sound growth tendency of the first half year, with a respective growth of 12.03% and 10.1%. The export amount to Asia has declined 1.2%.
From the perspective of countries and regions, the export amount of the top 10 countries and regions in export amount occupies over 50% in the industrial output in China. In these ten countries and regions, the United States is still the first biggest overseas market of the industrial textiles in China, with an export growth of 10.38%. The export amounts to Japan and Vietnam still ranks the second and third places. Thereinto, the accumulated export amount to Japan has exceeded USD 1billion. Meanwhile, the growth speeds of exporting to the two countries have both slowed down, with a respective year-on-year declining of 4.22% and 2.28%. In other main markets, except the small-amplitude declining in exporting to Chinese Hong Kong, the exports to Korea, India, Germany, England, Russia and Indonesia have amplifications of different degrees.
In the first three quarters in 2017, the import amount of the industrial textiles in China was USD 5.26 billion, with a year-on-year growth of 11.82%. From the perspective of varieties, the import amount of baby diaper and sanitary towel was USD 1.07 billion, which could be ranked as the industrial textile with the biggest import amount in China. Compared with the previous year, the import amount has increased by 16.73%. As the implementation of the “second-child policy”, the growing tendency will continue to extend.
The non-woven fabrics and industrial coated textiles had the import amounts of respectively USD 650 million and USD 589 million, with the year-on-year growth of 5.82% and -0.75% each. The import amount of airbag was USD 485 million, with a year-on-year growth of 2.29%. In the same period, the safety belt for vehicles had a dramatic increase of 42.89% in import amount. The dramatic growth in importing textiles of communication medias is closely related to the demand of the vehicle market in China last year. The year-on-year growths of automobile production and sales in the first three quarters both exceeded by 13%.
Observing from the import source, Japan is the biggest import destination for China, followed by Chinese Taiwan, South Korea, the United States and Germany. The import amount of the above five countries and regions occupies over 70% of the total import amount in China, in which, the import amount of Japan occupies 36.52% of the total import amount.
Despite the complicated domestic and international environments, the industrial textiles in China still maintained stable operation in the first three quarters. The main economic indexes had stable growth and the economic benefit maintained a good level. However, the growth speeds of manufacturing, income and profit all presented reductions of different amplitudes. The growth of the industry is confronting great challenges. It is worth paying attention that:
With the continuous temperature rise of the industrial investment, it is required to pay attention to risk prevention and control in making investment. At present, in the condition of the slow economic operation of the industrial textiles industry, the investment in the industry still maintains a sound development tendency. This reflects that the investors are still confident with the prospect of the industry from one hand. However, from the other hand, investment will have risk. It is required for the enterprise decision-makers to strength their research and judgment on the relevant market in selecting the investment direction.
In recent years, the industrial textiles had quick development; the industrial capacity had fast growth. However, there are still problems, such as insufficient technological innovation ability of the enterprises, low proportion of high-technological products, short of production-demand connection and so on. The gradual declining of the profiting acceleration in the industry indicates that the market competition of the industry is already rather fierce. If the enterprises cannot put endeavors in improving product quality, new product research and development, promoting added value of the products, they will confront more operation pressures in the future and their investment activities might suffer from losses. Therefore, we believe that the selection of the investment is vital in order to strengthen the prevention of the investment risk in the industry. The blind scale expansion or scale up can only intensify the surplus of the industrial capacity and market competition.
President Xi Jinping has pointed out in the report for the 19th National Congress: The economy in China has been transformed from high-speed growing stage into the high-quality development stage. The enterprise can only have advantages in the market competition through paying attention to product innovation, keeping on promoting the technological content and added value of the products, so as to promote the healthy and ordered development of the industry at the same time.
It is required to cultivate new growth points and form new dynamic forces centered on the six key development fields. In the “13th Five-Year Program” period the fields are:
• Industrial textiles for strategic new materials,
• Industrial textiles for environmental protection,
• Industrial textiles for medical treatment and health care industry,
• Industrial textiles for emergency and public safety,
• Industrial textiles for infrastructure construction supporting,
• Industrial textiles for “military and civilian integration”
Confronting the fierce market competition of the industry, the enterprises must embrace the great strategic deployment of the country, aim at the relevant products and items in the six key development fields as the development direction, look for the corresponding industries for emphasized development according to the natural resources where the enterprises located and their own basic strengths, so as to cultivate new growth points and form the new dynamic forces of the economic development.
Observing from the entire year, the industrial textiles industry will continue to extend the tendency of the first three quarters. Both the production and main business income will go on maintaining stable growth; the fixed-asset investment will maintain middle and high-speed growth; the export is going to be stable and rising.
Making a Revolutionary Innovation
by Zhao Zihan
January 18, 2017
China, as we all know, is a textile power, accounting for more than half of the world’s fiber processing capacity, but still following behind some other countries in many high-tech breakthroughs in the technical difficulties, especially in fiber materials and equipment manufacturing. However, with the deepening transformation and upgrading of the industry in recent years, many technical problems have been resolved. For example, in the field of flame-retardant textiles, Beijing SOL Flame-retardant Fiber Limited (SOL for short) developed a new flame-resistant cellulose fiber - SOL FR® over more than ten years of research.
SOL FR® - Defines the flame-resistant application boundary with technology
The flame resistant textiles has become a major social concern of all walks of life , while the life and property safety as well as environmental protection is receiving much concern. Today, the FR fiber material is not only applied to such personal protection areas as the military, fire-fighting, and industrial protective clothing, but also largely used in the civilian market such as home textiles and clothing for special groups. For example, in some developed countries, there are strict flame-resistant laws and regulations on the soft furnishings such as mattresses, sofas, and carpets, as well as the components inside the vehicles such as the built-in cushions and backrest, and the infant clothing.
FR regenerated cellulose fiber, as one of the many flame-resistant fiber materials, has been playing an irreplaceable role in flame-resistance textiles' field thanks to its good flame-resistance performance as well as such characteristics as great wear comfort, natural soft touch and excellent moisture absorption and perspiration of the fabric.
However, the FR cellulose fiber worldwide is mainly phosphorus-based and silicon-based. The former enjoys good FR performance, but will release a large amount of smoke and cause great damage to the environment; the latter is well known for sound FR performance and environmental protection, but will suffer a serious decrease of FR performance against washing with low strength, and cannot be woven into fabric.
SOL FR® is a new inherent cellulose-based FR fiber. It is produced through spinning and solidifying after a grafting reaction between cellulose solution and new silicon-nitrogen flame retardants. Thanks to excellent thermal protection performance and small heat shrinkage coefficient of SOL FR®, the fabric can still maintain its original shape burned at a high temperature of 1100ºC, playing a role as a barrier. SOL FR® is characterized with excellent flame-resistant and thermal protection performances, no melting and dripping, small smoke emission, non-toxic & non-polluting smoke and great wear comfort. In addition, it will not pollute the environment after degradation. It can be widely used in fire-fighting, military and special protective clothing industry, as well as the garments for infants and young children and the elderly, home textiles, and the interior furnishings of transportation vehicles.
Flame-resistant + antibacterium, combined functions reveal the technical strength
SOL FR®, the main product from Beijing SOL Flame-retardant Fiber Limited, is endowed with another new function: antibacterium. Recently, the newly developed products have passed the authoritative test, which proved that a new series of SOL FR® products are of excellent antibacterial function.
It is said that the fiber with antibacterial properties can be widely used in personal protection, home textiles, underwear, medical textiles, sweatshirts and so on, especially garments for the elderly, pregnant women and infants. The clothing made from antibacterial fiber are able to resist the adhesion of bacteria in clothing so as to protect people from the intrusion of bacteria. Antibacterium is either inherent or through post-treatment, and the current international inherent antibacterial fibers are mainly chitosan fiber, seaweed fiber, and polyimide, while the post-treatment antibacterial fibers mainly include silver antibacterial fibers and copper antibacterial fibers.
The inherent antibacterium refers to the antibacterial radicals of the fiber molecular radicals, so that such kind of fibers is antibacterial permanently. Silver fiber is a high-tech product with a layer of pure silver permanently bonded to the surface of the fiber through special technologies. Copper fiber is a new type of acrylic fiber grafted with organic copper chain and high hydrophilic radicals respectively on the side chain of acrylic polymer by graft copolymerization in the stage of the primary pulp polymerization, followed by wet spinning technology.
Similar but different from other inherent antibacterial fiber in antimicrobial principles, the antibacterial property of SOL FR® is long-acting based on ensuring the flame resistant performance. The antibacterial TiO2 and organic nitrogen compounds are added to the flame retardants: anatase TiO2 is photocatalytic antibacterial agent with antibacterial effect rising from catalytic activation mechanism: the metal elements absorb the environment energy (such as UV), activating the oxygen in air or water to generate hydroxyl radicals or reactive oxygen ions which then react with the protein, unsaturated fatty acids, and glycosides in bacterial cells, destructing its normal structure to death or loss of reproductive capacity. The antibacterial mechanism of organic nitrogen compounds: combining with bacterial or fungal cell membrane anion or reacting with the sulfydryl to destruct the synthesis system of protein and cell membrane, thereby inhibiting the reproduction of bacteria or mould, playing bactericidal, antibacterial, mould-proof and other effects.
The antibacterial function of SOL FR® has also won approval of the academician Jiang Shicheng and other experts in the appraisal meeting organized by China National Textile and Apparel Council. So far, SOL has successfully developed ecological, environmentally friendly cellulose -based series fiber products, namely, inherent FR fiber, inherent far-infrared emission fiber, inherent antibacterial fiber, inherent antibacterial and far-IR fiber and fiber with inherent FR, far-IR emission and anti-bacterial function all in one products.
SOL FR® Main features（FR series):
by Zhao Zihan
December 19, 2016
2016 China Textile Innovation Conference, as an annual summit of industry innovation, was held in Beijing on December 12th, 2016. The conference, themed on “New Opportunity, New Advantages, New Vitality” – Stepping Towards aTextile Power, comprehensively summarized the industry innovation achievements and explored the new advantages in development in order to grasp the strategic opportunity of the new round of industrial changes.
Sun Ruizhe, President of China National Textile and Apparel Council (CNTAC), made a keynote speech themed on “To construct a new future for China’s textile and apparel industry”, pointing out that currently, the global economic development is suffering increasing uncontrollable and unknown factors, while the “Black Swan Event” occurs frequently in various fields. In face of such a challenging environment, China is still the most important growth engine for the world development. In spite of the flat growth rate and various challenges, China’s textile industry still maintains a stable position in national economy, and enjoys growing shares in global textile and garment trade. The industry new economy has presented great vitality.
During the 13th Five-Year Program period, based on the new position of the industry, China’s textile industry is transferring from traditional industry to scientific & technological industry, green industry, and fashion industry. Meanwhile, the framework of the new three industrial sectors in terms of fashion, science & technology, and manufacturing is increasingly clear.
Sun Ruizhe proposed that in the new historical period, under the magnificent goal of building a textile power, we need to achieve innovative development based on technological innovation, refined development with the direction of intelligent manufacturing, inclusive development with social responsibility as the focus, fashion development with cultural self-confidence as the goal, integrated development with industry and financial integration as the starting point, and linkage development with system construction as the core, so as to build a new future for the industry.
Development Trend and Orientation of China’s Textile Industry During the 13th Five-Year Program Period
According to Chen Dapeng, Vice President of CNTAC and Executive Vice President of China National Garment Association, the 13th Five-Year Program has opened a new development for China’s garment industry. “This is a golden period of China’s garment industry, when the background, characteristics, and development concept are completely different from the past, but the industry will be fully re-oriented to the advantages of restructuring and upgrading accompanied with increasingly enhanced technological creativity, cultural creativity, and service creativity. In addition, the brand building, cultural construction and fashion right to speak will also see an overall increase, promoting the whole industry towards a medium- to high-end development.”
Li Lingshen, Vice President of CNTAC & President of China Nonwovens & Industrial Textiles Association, gave a detailed introduction to the breakthroughs and outstanding contributions that China’s technical textiles industry had made in the development of new products during the 12th Five-Year Program period, and conducted an elaboration on innovation-driven development of the industry in such fields as the strategic new materials, environmental protection, health, emergency and public safety, infrastructure construction and military-civilian integration.
Yang Zhaohua, Vice President of CNTAC & Executive Vice President of China Home Textile Association, made a speech focusing on the transformed new home textiles in the 13th Five-Year Program period, which should be centered on consumers and enhance the supply-front structural reform for an all-rounded promotion of brand strategy. “Over the past two years, China’s home textile industry maintained a continuously stable growth. Looking forward to the coming 2017, the industry is required to focus on the development program for the industry during the 13th Five-Year Program period in order to promote home textile industry to achieve new transformation, new development and new results.”
One important section of the conference is the award ceremony to the enterprises, including 2016 China National Textile and Apparel Council Sustainable Textile Product Development -- Excellent Efficiency Award, 2016 China National Textile and Apparel Council Product Development Contribution Award / Product Development Promotion Award, and China National Textile and Apparel Council Product Development Outstanding Contribution Award during the 12th Five-Year Program Period.
Another highlight of the conference was two innovation forums, respectively focusing on “product competitiveness and sustainable innovation” and “scientific and technological progress and fashion economy”.
by ZHAO Hong and Flora ZHAO from CHINA TEXTILE
Posted July 12, 2016
II. International trade
The lethargic symptoms in global market gave way to a vitality in China’s domestic demand during the 12th Five-Year Program period (2011-2015) that witnessed a decreasing export share from 47.3 percent in 2010 to 41.8 percent in 2014, approaching progressively to 30 percent in its target share as laid down in the industry development plan that emphasizes more domestic contribution to the industrial growth, showing that the share of domestic sales was obviously increasing to respond to consumption growth in China.
Year 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Export volume (10,000 tons) 121 122 121 119 129
Year-on-year growth change 23.47% 0.83% -0.82% -1.57% 8.36%
Share of export, (%) 47.3 43.7 42.0 41.8 41.8
Import volume (10,000 tons) 25.7 21.1 20.4 23.3 24.5
Year-on-year growth change 35.26% -17.9% -3.32% 14.22% 5.11%
Apparent consumption (China)
(10,000 tons) 161 178 187 189 203
The data in 2015 also saw an export slide-down in both volume and value with 1.249 million tons for 2.05 billion U.S. Dollars, registering a drop by 3.2 percent and 0.7 percent respectively, but the highlight is the averaged price that reads 1640.86 dollars/ton, up by 2.6 percent, realizing 1.163 billion dollars in trade surplus, up by 6.4 percent, showing optimistic trend of an optimized product structure in export to reduce outbound shipment of low-end products. To be more exact, the coarse yarn export dropped by 4.1 percent in volume while the fine-denier yarn was shipped out at averaged price higher than that in the same period the year before. To keep that momentum, Chinese investment in more sophisticated product operations overseas has been increasing on new market fronts, like Chongqing Polycomp International Corporation (CPIC) that has furnace process operations in Bahrain and Brazil by virtue of acquisition and share holding, and China Jushi Co., Ltd. that is stepping up process of setting up glass fiber production facilities in Egypt and U.S.A. besides its 14 existing establishments (sales office and production bases) in South Africa, France, Italy, Canada, Spain, India and Singapore etc. in an effort to substitute "going-global" investment for home-grown export in a new international vision.
III. Development of fiber-reinforced composites
The dynamic growth in Chinese economy has contributed a lot to the domestic demand for glass fiber and its composites, in spite of the speed gear-down to 6.9 percent in GDP last year that saw even slower rate than that in 2008,2009 and 2010 with 9.6%,9.2% and 10.4% respectively during the three years of global financial crisis. The technology in pultrusion, fiber winding and modeling processes has made much headway, which increases productivity to challenge rising labor cost in the fiber-reinforced composites industry.
The windmills, railway transportation, urban infrastructure and environmental construction have boosted market demand for an ever-rising production of composite materials. To be more exact, the fiber-reinforced plastics(FRP) products turned out 4,567,100 tons in 2015, 5.36 percent in year-on-year growth, which can break down into 2,803,100 tons of thermoset products and 1,764,000 tons of thermoplastic products, up 3.06 percent and 9.023 percent respectively.
Thermoplastic v.s. thermoset products in production share (2015)
Thermoset 238 263 270 273 272 280
Thermoplastic 91 118 130 137 161 176
Total 329 381 400 410 433 456
The table shows thermoset products outnumber thermoplastics in size and scale, but the rapid growth in automobile industry, high-speed train, electric and electronic industry give impetus to the rising demand for the thermoplastic composites that are advantageous in short time for modeling and in impact-resisting performance and well accepted by the market which has,in turn, driven the production and market share on consecutive growth in years. Of the total thermoplastic composites production, the engineering plastics has 1,464,000 tons, up 8.44 percent over the year before,still starring the product-lines.
1. Products by pultrusion process
The production of the products based on the pultrusion technology increased from 200,000 tons in 2010 to 305,600 tons in 2015 with the main product lines in power transmission tower poles & brackets, cable bridges & racks, wire conduits and other electricity insulators, in addition to the building materials in bridge and tunnel construction. In recent years, researchers and manufacturers hinge on PU-pultrusion products as the polyurethane resin pultrusion process has the advantage in short fashioning time and higher productivity, free of styrene volatilization, and these products can be found in PU window frames, railway sleepers, ladders and roof plates in factory buildings.
2. Products by resin-steeped filament winding process
The filament winding process is still protagonist in composites output that saw 715,000 tons of the products in 2015, with various applications to water pipes in supply and sewage system, storage tanks in petrochemical and food industries, high-pressure pipes, thionizer (desulfurizing tower ), and air tubes etc.. The new application can also be found in the double-walled oil tanks which has such advantages as long service life, good erosion resistance, light weight and maintenance-free function, what is more, the double-wall structure allows for an inserted monitoring device to keep watch on oil leakage to prevent accident. Some big enterprises have made breakthroughs in technical advancement in manufacturing large storage tanks and vessels, some of which are sized in over 5000 cubic meters in volume by adopting the filament winding process.
3. Products by pressing process
There are 416,000 tons of composite materials in annual production by pressing technology with majority of the products applied to SMC/BMC mold-pressed automobile parts & assembles, power switch gear, electric meter box, insulating fixtures, artificial marbles in architecture etc.. Apart from those applications, the recent years witnessed an outstanding demand for pressed plates and boards,and for the plywood board or sandwiched panels in particular, which have enjoyed rapid growth in railway transportation, commercial cars and buses, shipping vessels, sports facilities, thanks to the structural and functional property and light weight with high tenacity.
4. Products by liquid composite molding (LCM) process
LCM technology injects liquid-state polymers into a closed die cavity or moulding chamber prefabricated of fiber-based structure, the liquid polymer flows to shape inside the moulding chamber. In 2015, China had 372,300 tons of the fiber-reinforced composites in annual production by this process with the products mainly used in the wings of windmill(wind blades),driven by the new installations of wind power at the record high to reach 30.50 million kilowatts, representing 48.4 percent of the world new wind power installed last year. In fact, China accounted for 33.6 percent of the world share by its total installed wind power capacity for 145.1 million kilowatts as of 2015. The rapid growth for wind power market gives impetus to more composites production for this product line that has very demanding standards for product performance, structure, process and technological indexes. Zhongfu Lianzhong Composites Group-Wind Blades plant has adopted manufacturing executive system(MES)to digitalize its production management, making sure that process is optimized with the fully-fashioned technology to provide large and high-performance, high-modulus fiber reinforced composites for wind power market.
China’s Wind Power Growth(2001-2015) both in new and aggregated installations
The liquid composite molding technology is cost efficient, process flexible, making it possible to produce large and complex composites. The process flexibility allows for inserting grids and cores during the fully-fashioned production that gradually meets the needs of the various kinds of large-sized synthetic structures well accepted in shipping, automobile and railway transportation industries.
China is now challenging the tough and pungent issues of air pollution to actively cope with the global climate change, the clean energy is elbowing its way in the right direction for replacing the fossil fuels in phases, which is already underscored as national fundamentals in strategic blueprint. The next five years is of paramount importance for the technical textile companies to be hard-charging, get-ahead and innovative in stepping up the production of the large, intelligent and light-weighted composites and the fiber-reinforced composites along with wind power development.
by ZHAO Hong and Flora ZHAO from CHINA TEXTILE
Posted May 16, 2016
China has an ambitious plan to advance into a higher level of modernity in the country which is officially described as “a moderately prosperous society in all respects” by 2020, the end of its new five-year program for national economic and social development (2016-2020). As a pillar sector of its national economy, the textile industry is also believed to grow into a new world power explicitly set forth in the big-to-strong shift program in the sectoral five-year blueprint, including technical textile growth.
Although there are clouds of doubt, questioning the Chinese dream of becoming a strong textile country particularly in the technical textile regime, its scheme in category-specific development in the years to come is out of question, worthy of the notice either for strategic significance in global vision or in business opportunities at corporate level. With this, we present the 13th Five-Year Program for Fiber Composites Industry Development in China.
I. Retrospect (2011-2015)
China walked confidently into the new five-year period for the 12th half a decade program (2011-2015) for national economic and social development after it had successfully trekked across the swamp of economic slowdown on global basis. According to the summary report released in the first quarter of this year to review the past five-year achievements made in textile industry, the total fiber processing volume accounts for 50 percent in the world share, and its export growth in the last five years registered 9.7 percent annually with the market share by 37.4 percent in dollar terms in 2014, despite a fall by 4.8 percent in 2015. Structurally, the textile industry in China has continuously been reshaped for optimal development in a well-balanced way in the big three applications,say, apparel, home-textiles and technical textiles with the latter having been increased from 20 percent in 2010 to 24.6 percent in 2014 in the total share of fiber consumption.
Glass fiber has been an important player in technical textiles application even though it is not included as part of our textile industry in China for the simple reason that the glass fiber industry has traditionally been classified into building materials sector belonging to the ex-Ministry of Construction which has been reformed into Ministry of Housing and Ruban-Rural Development (MOHURD) now, but we have always regarded it as an integral part of our technical textile industry with growing interest in its development and economic performance.
Year 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
GF production (10,000 tons) 256 279 288 285 308 23
Year-on-year change,% 24.88 8.98 3.23 -1.0 8.07 4.87
Filament (tank furnace process
In 10,000 tons ) 217 244 252 262 285 304.5
Production share by
From this table, we can see that the process has continuously been optimized with the production of glass fiber largely from the tank furnace process by 94.27 percent share, outnumbering the old-mode remelt (marble melt) line for a meager output of 185,000 tons reduced by 18.5 percent in year-on-year growth as against 2014 with 5.73 percent in cake-share.
Glass fiber production rate 2001-2015.
In 2015, the data from 1197 glass fiber and its composites companies showed main business income for 261.72 billion yuan (about 41 billion dollars), up by 10.1 percent with 18.3 billion yuan as profits that also curved up 10.2 percent, a marvelous achievement at the time when the whole building materials industry was in doldrums.
The investment in the fixed assets arrived at 44.122 billion yuan, up by 23 percent over the comparable period, showing the enterprises’ confidence in monetary input to optimize production process and shape product portfolios to stand up to the rising cost and environmental pressure. The technological renovation has made it true that some companies put robots onto the streamline in shop-floor management with automation process control that shapes for the future, featuring a smart run in new operations.
(to be continued)
February 24, 2016
Contributors: Echo Xu, ZHAO Hong, Flora Zhao and Y.C.
The economy in China, in spite of the big downward pressure and its growth slow-down, turned out a steady increase in general. The technical textile industry overcame various unfavorable factors and speeded up the pace of transformation and upgrading, improving operation efficiency, increasing investment in technological innovation, actively developing new products in a wider spectrum of applications and markets by delicate management. Therefore, the general operation presented a slowing growth, stable operation and good benefit situation.
According to the National Bureau of Statistics, the main business revenue and profit of the enterprises above the designated size in technical textile industry was up 6.51% and 14.44% respectively. The industrial added value and profitability was up 12.4% and 5.9% respectively during the past eleven months. The export was basically leveled off but increased slightly compared with last year. According to the survey of 140 enterprises by the association, the industrial business index of the whole year’s operation was 72.3, which was highly satisfied by entrepreneurs.
Technical Textile Industry Performance in 2015
The demand was more complicated in ther technical textile industry due to the downward pressure on the economy. Specifically, the market demands from infrastructure construction, environmental protection, and life health continued to maintain a high growth, but there are fields showing a slow growth or even decline, for example, artificial leather cloth, transportation textile, tire cord fabrics, etc. According to the survey of the member enterprises by the China Nonwovens and Industrial Textile Association (CNITA), the industrial demand index and production index was 52.9 and 54.3 respectively, which were the lowest points in recent years, but still staying in the expansion range in 2015.
According to the National Bureau of Statistics, the non-woven production of the enterprises above the designated size in January-November was 4.034 million tons and was up 15.77% year on year, securing the most dynamic growth in technical textile industry in contrast to only 1.59 million tons in 2010. During the 12th Five-Year Program period (2011-2015), the production of the nonwoven was up 177% at accumulative growth rate with an average annual growth of 22.58%. In regional growth, Shangdong has surpassed Zhejiang and became the largest nonwoven production province, with the application mainly concentrated on civil engineering and architecture fields, accounting for 20% of the total production in our country and continuing to maintain a rapid growth rate of 32.66% in the past eleven months (Jan.-Nov. 2015). In some areas like Zhejiang, Jiangsu, Hubei, etc. the nonwoven production has maintained around 10% of the growth.
The tire-cord fabric production started to drop in the first half of 2014 and amounted to 717,000 tons in 2015 with a decrease by 6.56% year on year, but still enjoying the accumulative growth rate by 55.9% over 2010 with an annual growth of 5.59%.
Situation in Key Applications
Medical and Hygienic Textiles
The medical and hygienic textile is a field with large and robust market demand as it is closely related to life and health. The market potential is continuing to be released with the improvement of the income level and change of consumption ideas.
Regarding the medical dressing, operation cloth and disposable hygienic products, China has a very big production capacity and is also the world’s leading producer and exporter. The export medical and hygienic textiles was 3.19 billion dollars in 1-11, 2015, registering 1.35% in year-on-year growth. To be more exact, the export of sanitary pads and baby diaper was 1.43 billion dollars with an increase of 3.89%. The export of medical protective clothing made of nonwovens is 0.99 billion dollars with an increase of 4.27%. However, the export of gauze, bandage and other medical dressings is 0.77 billion dollars and decreased by 6.28%.
The enterprises which produce the medical dressings and medical exposure suits have to turn to the overseas market as they have difficulty with hospital procurement system in China. Pengyang town (located in Xiantao city, Hubei province) is an important medical textile product cluster. In 2015, the main business income was 13.1 billion yuan and the export delivery value was 9.26 billion yuan with an increase of 9.14%, which accounted for 70.6% of the annual income.
Geotextiles are mainly used in all kinds of infrastructure engineering and environmental protection projects. In the first half year of 2015, large numbers of projects are at the stage of planning and designing with few projects that came into operation, therefore, the geo-textile industry is faced with some challenges. In the second half year of 2015, the orders increased dramatically and the operation system got its breath again with some growth thanks to constructing large numbers of railways and water conservancy projects. Lingcheng district (located in Dezhou city, Shandong province) is the main production base of geo-textiles with over 10 billion yuan of main business income in 2015 and 0.82 million tons of geo-materials.
Textiles Used for Filtration and Separation
The whole society paid close attention to the quality of atmospheric environment and the country continued to increase atmospheric environmental regulation, which has provided good opportunity for air filtration industry, for many cities were blanketed by unremitting haze or smog on and off in the whole year of 2015. The filtrating effect of bag-type dust collecting technology has reached near zero emission with four years of average service life thanks to the development of high performance fiber and improvement of bag-type dust manufacturing technology. Moreover, the comprehensive recycling of used bags has achieved breakthroughs with more significant advantages of the bag-type dust collecting technology.
In July 2015, Emission Standard of Air Pollutants for Cement Industry was put into effect. Massive funds were poured into the cement industry to transform the environmental protection equipment, the market in metallurgy and electric power industry increased constantly, which has driven the rapid development of industry. Fucheng street (located in Funing county, Jiangsu province) is a high temperature filter material industry base, producing 0.2 billion square meters of filter materials in 2015 with 13.64% main business income at growth rate. According to the statistics of the member enterprises in filtration field, the main business income and total profit was up 15.67% and 32.33% respectively, and the average profit margin was 7.4%.
Textiles Used for Vehicles
The year of 2015 witnessed 24,503,300 cars produced and 24,597,600 cars sold, hitting a new record high with an increase by 3.3% and 4.7% respectively, comparing the data in previous year; therefore,, the economic situation in general runs steadily at a growth speed. Meanwhile, the sales and production of cars were 4 and 2.2 percentage points lower than that of last year. The slowdown in car market has brought some pressure for vehicle textiles.
In the long run, the traditional car industry will increase at a medium-low speed, and lightweight and new energy are two important trends for future automobile industry. The textile composite materials were widely applied in automobiles with the quality of light weight, great strength and low cost. In the future, the textiles used for vehicles will have a larger growth space with the growing consumption of textile materials for per car.
Development Prediction in 2016
Year 2016 is the first year of the 13th Five-Year Program; the technical textile industry will be ushered into a new period of an important development opportunity on the grounds that:
But the development of industry also faces some challenges:
In 2016, the production, investment, and sales in Chinese technical textile industry will continue to increase at a high speed with good economic benefits and the export will grow at 5%, as estimated.
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April 4-5: Meeting Changing Material Flammability Requirements for Ground Transportation, Dearborn, Mich., USA
April 11-13: SWIFA 2018 Conference, Addison, Texas, USA
April 14-17: ITM 2018, Instanbul, Turkey
April 15-18: NetInc 2018, Charlotte, N.C., USA
April 19: 117th Scientific Session of the Institute of Textile Science, Montreal, Que., Canada
April 24: Smart Fabrics Summit 2018, Washington, D.C., USA
April 26-27: SYFA 2018 Spring Conference, Charlotte, N.C., USA
Click here to view the complete technical textiles events calendar that includes show information links.
I am pleased to announce the first part of my report 2018 State of the U.S.Technical Textiles Industry has just been published by Textile World magazine.
This first part features a general industry overview, plus an evaluation of the status and impact of US trade positions.
The second part, featured in the April/May issue will cover major end markets for technical textiles such as automotive and military.
Click here to go to the Textile World website to read the first part.
Steve Warner, Publisher
BeaverLake6 Report is pleased to present a new report on the state of China's industrial textiles industry, presented through our exclusive exchange with China Textile magazine. In China's 13th "Five-Year Program" period, industrial textiles are focused on new materials and applications for environmental protection, infrastructure construction, medical treatment and health care, emergency and public safety, and military and civilian integration. Click here to go to the article.
The joint owners of the ITMA Asia + CITME 2018 textile machinery exhibition have announced new dates for the 6th combined showcase to be held at the National Exhibition and Convention Centre in Shanghai, China. The new dates are October 15-19, 2018. According to show owners CEMATEX and Chinese partners, the Sub-Council of Textile Industry, CCPIT (CCPIT-Tex), China Textile Machinery Association (CTMA) and China Exhibition Centre Group Corporation (CIEC), the shift in the exhibition dates is due to a new national initiative, which affected the scheduling of all events at the exhibition center in October. [Note: BeaverLake6 Report is an industry media partner for the show.] Posted February 11, 2018
In October at the IFAI Expo 2017, I had the opportunity to sit down with -- at the time -- incoming Glen Raven CEO Leib Oehmig for an interview that has now been posted on the Textile World website and will also be in their printed November/December issue.
I've known Mr. Oehmig for probably more than 20 years and have watched his steady management progression within the Glen Raven organization. During the interview, he was very gracious with his time at a busy show and transparent in answering questions on a far-ranging number of topics including the management transition from Alan Gant, Jr., to Mr. Oehmig, the first non-Gant family member to lead Glen Raven. Click here to read the interview and learn more about the thoughts of one of our industry leaders.
As the saying goes "Politics make strange bedfellows." Today we find more than one-third of the Senate Democrats urging the inclusion of key amendments in the US FY 2018 National Defense Authorization Act (2018 NDAA) that would strengthen the US government's "Buy American" policies.
Versions of the NDAA were recently passed by both the Senate and House and a joint committee is working out a single bill. The submitted Senate version, however, left out proposed key amendments designed to prevent the weakening of domestic sourcing for the US military. One amendment included the prevention for lifting of the restrictions in place for domestic sourcing of wearable electronic products and another amendment prevents certain exceptions to the Berry Amendment which would allow non-domestic sourcing through memoranda of agreement with foreign governments.
What's the "strange bedfellows" aspect? Well, "Buy American" is also one of the key positions taken by the Trump administration. So, we have both the Democrats and the Trump administration on the same side, trying to keep strong the US domestic capability for supplying the military. Strange bedfellows given the current political animosity in Washington...but still the cooperation is vital for the US domestic textile industry.
Posted November 3, 2017
Since last August, the US Navy has been planning to phase out its iconic traditional wool peacoat in favor of a less expensive, synthetic cold weather parka which is lighter in weight and more versatile in types of inclement weather. It actually replaces two types of coats and the seabag the wool coat is stored.
The wool coat, however, has some powerful friends in the US Congress. Companies such as Northwest Woolen Mills in Woonsocket, R.I. and Sterlingware in Boston, Mass. Altogether, the supply chain involved in the manufacture of these woolen peacoats -- including sheep farmers -- is estimated to account for 400 jobs in the Northeast. Add to the drama that the new parka, made by the long-time military supplier Propper, is expected to be manufactured in Puerto Rico, a perceived feeling the new coat will be made by non-American workers. Read more...
June 29. 2017
The Office of the U.S. Trade Representative (USTR) has released President Trump's 2017 Trade Policy Agenda. The document, officially called 2017 Trade Policy Agenda and 2016 Annual Report of the President of the United States on the Trade Agreements Program, outlines the new Administration’s four trade priorities:
BeaverLake6 Report has created a special page within this website and placed the first chapter of the 336-page document which summarizes the policy. Click here to read it. Posted March 2, 2017
Back on March 24, 2016, I was one of the first to predict the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) agreement was a dead deal. In fact, I said that I wouldn’t be surprised that, if Donald Trump became President, the agreement is shredded on day one of his new administration. Well, I was off by three days. Yesterday, President Trump signed an Executive Order, officially withdrawing the United States from the TPP agreement. Now the question is can the National Council of Textile Organizations put together a comprehensive plan for the domestic textile industry in a post-TPP era? Click here to read the rest. Posted January 25, 2017
There are literally dozens of market reports for the many market sections and subsections within the technical textiles industry. In 2017, BeaverLake6 Report will be introducing a few of these reports to our viewers. The first report being features is The Future of Spcialty Geosynthetics to 2021. It was developed by Smithers Apex, a market research firm based in the United Kingdom.
In exchange for the promotion, Smithers Apex agreed to write an exclusive expanded executive summary of the market report for our readers. Click here to view the market summary. Posted January 9, 2017
2016 China Textile Innovation Conference, as an annual summit of industry innovation, was held in Beijing on December 12th, 2016. The conference, themed on “New Opportunity, New Advantages, New Vitality” – Stepping Towards a Textile Power, comprehensively summarized the industry innovation achievements and explored the new advantages in development in order to grasp the strategic opportunity of the new round of industrial changes. BeaverLake6 Report is pleased to present a report on the conference via our partnership with China Textile magazine. Please click here. Posted December 21, 2016
Domestic PFD Manufacturer's Application for FTZ Additional Production Authority Riles Textile Industry Trade Associations. There is a nasty fight taking place these past few months behind the closed doors of Room 48019 at the Herbert C. Hoover Building in Washington, D.C. The room is the office of the Foreign-Trade Zones Board. The fight pits domestic technical textile industry suppliers and a coalition of textile-trade associations against a fairly large domestic end-product cut-and-sew manufacturer. Click here to read the story.
In 2015, I posted more than 425 items of interest for our industry on the BeaverLake6 Report website. In reviewing it all last week, it got me to thinking about putting together a list of influential events, news and trends that I observed during the past year. I have focused primarily on the US marketplace but each of “the things that mattered” to me has global implications.
So, here go my thoughts in no particular order of importance. Let me know if you agree or if I have missed some. Click here to read the list.
Posted January 17, 2016
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